EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 07 - 2004 Num. article: 2004/103

First report of citrus greening in Brazil

In Brazil, the presence of citrus greening disease (EPPO A1 list) has recently been observed in São Paulo state. It was first considered that Liberobacter asiaticum was present but studies suggest that a new strain of citrus greening bacterium occurs in Brazil. At present, the disease has been reported from commercial citrus orchards in 15 municipalities, all located in the centre-southern part of the state. The psyllid vector Diaphorina citri (Homoptera: Psyllidae – EPPO A1 list) is widespread in São Paulo state. The presence of citrus greening in Brazil is considered as a serious threat to the citrus industry.
The situation of citrus greening bacterium in Brazil can be described as follows: Present, first reported in 2004 in several citrus orchards of São Paulo state.


ProMED posting of 2004-07-23. Huanglongbin, citrus – Brazil: new strain ?
Agencia Estado Brazil web site. SP confirms new citrus greening strain.
CruzeiroNet website. Fundecitrus confirma greening em 15 municípios de São Paulo.
Governo do Estado de São Paulo website. Agricultura: Secretariat e Fendecitrus trabalham no combate à doença que afeta os laranjais paulistas (2004-07-21)