New data on quarantine pests and pests of the EPPO Alert List
By browsing through the CABI Abstracts, the EPPO Secretariat has extracted the following new data concerning quarantine pests and pests included on the EPPO Alert List. The situation of the pest concerned is indicated in bold, using the terms of ISPM no. 8.
- New records
Chrysodeixis eriosoma (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae – EPPO Alert List) has been found on imported plants in Germany. Larvae were present in a park (Alaris-Schmetterlingspark) at Lutherstadt Wittenberg (Sachsen Anhalt) (Heinicke, 2002). Present, found on imported plants in a park in Sachsen Anhalt.
Glycaspis brimblecombei (Homoptera: Psyllidae – EPPO Alert List) was detected in Lampa, near Santiago, Chile, in October 2002 (Marín & Parra, 2003). Present, found in 2002 near Santiago.
Liriomyza sativae and L. huidobrensis (Diptera: Agromyzidae – EPPO A2 list) both occur in Vietnam. During a survey of vegetable crops carried out in 27 provinces during 1998-2002, L. sativae was found as the dominant leafminer species (87% of the infested material). It was present and common in all 27 investigated provinces. L. huidobrensis was found in 12% of the infested material and only in the highlands of Lam Dong province. L. trifolii was not found (Andersen et al., 2003).
L. sativae: Present, widespread.
L. huidobrensis: Present, only found in the highlands of Lam Dong province.
L. trifolii: Absent, confirmed by surveys.
Liriomyza sativae (Diptera: Agromyzidae – EPPO A2 list) occurs in Uzbekistan. It was first found in 2001/2002 on tomatoes in the region of Tashkent. The pest has also been found on other vegetables, sunflower and ornamental plants (Drugova & Zlobin, 2003). Present, first found in 2001/2002 in the region of Tashkent.
Phoracantha recurva (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae – EPPO Alert List) was found for the first time in Tunisia in 1999. It was found with P. semipunctata in Eucalyptus camaldulensis and E. gomphocephala plantations in the north-west and north-eastern parts of the country (Ben Jamaa et al., 2002). Present, first found in 1999, in the north-west and north-east.
Scirtothrips citri (Thysanoptera: Thripidae - EPPO A1 list) is considered as a major pest of Navel orange (Citrus sinensis) in the southern part of Jiangxi province, China. The EPPO Secretariat had previously no data on the occurrence of the pest in China (Li et al., 2003). Present, found in Jiangxi province.
Xiphinema rivesi (EPPO A2 list) is reported for the first time from Iran (Fadaei et al., 2003). Present, no details.
Xiphinema rivesi (EPPO A2 list) is reported from Western Australia (AU), on grapevine (Sharma et al., 2003). Present, found in Western Australia.
- New species
A new fruit fly species suspected to be in the Bactrocera dorsalis group (Diptera: Tephritidae – EPPO A1 list) was detected during routine field surveys in the Coast Province of Kenya. Surveys are being conducted to determine the extent of this infestation (Lux et al., 2003).
- Detailed records
During a fruit fly survey carried out in 2 orchards in the state of Acre, Brazil, several Anastrepha species (Diptera: Tephritidae) were caught. The most common was Anastrepha obliqua (EPPO A1 list), A. striata and A. distincta were rarely found (Thomazini et al., 2003).
In Italy, Cacyreus marshalli (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae – EPPO A2 list) was so far only reported from the western coast near Rome (Lazio). In late summer 2001, it was also found in Abruzzi region (Lang, 2002).
Carposina sasakii (Lepidoptera: Carposinidae –EPPO A2 list) occurs in Anhui, China (Wang et al., 2002).
Corythuca arcuata (Hemiptera: Tingidae – EPPO Alert List) and Dryocosmus kuriphilus (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae - EPPO A2 list) both occur in Ohio, USA (Boggs et al., 2003).
Diabrotica speciosa (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae – EPPO A1 list) is present in Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul and São Paulo, Brazil (Bastos et al., 2003 – Albuquerque et al., 2002 - Secchi, 2001 – Lourenção et al., 2002).
During a survey on nematode problems of guava (Psidium guajava), Ditylenchus dipsaci (EPPO A2 list) was found in Uttar Pradesh, India (Logani et al., 2002).
Dryocosmus kuriphilus (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae - EPPO A2 list) is present in Guangdong, China (Li et al., 2004).
Liriomyza sativae (Diptera: Agromyzidae – EPPO A2 list) occurs in Anhui, China (Zhao et al., 2001).
Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae – EPPO A2 list) occurs in Kerala, India (Reji et al., 2003).
Malacosoma americanum (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae –EPPO A1 list) occurs in Indiana, USA (Schmidt et al., 2003).
Malacosoma disstria (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae –EPPO A1 list) occurs in Minnesota, USA (Miles et al., 2003).
Nacobbus aberrans (EPPO A1 list) is present in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico. It was identified in roots of Capsicum annuum plants in Cuilapam de Guerrero (Vázquez-López et al., 2002).
Rhynchophorus palmarum (Coleoptera; Curculionidae – EPPO Alert List) is recorded for the first time in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil (Sánchez-Soto & Nakano, 2002).
During a survey in 1997-98, Trogoderma granarium (EPPO A2 list) was found in stored wheat in Rajasthan, India (Mahla & Ameta, 2001).
Scirtothrips dorsalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae - EPPO A1 list) occurs in Himachal Pradesh, India (Sharma & Kashyap, 2002).
Siroccocus clavigigenti-juglandacearum (EPPO Alert list) occurs in Indiana, USA (Schmidt et al., 2003).
Albuquerque, F.A. de; Pattaro, F.C.; Borges, L.M.; Lima, R.S.; Zabini, A.V. (2002) Insects associated to Barbados cherry (Malpighia glabra L.) in the region of Maringá PR. Acta Scientiarum, 24(5), 1245-1249. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 94(4), April 2004, abst. 3295, p 516.
Andersen, A.; Nordhus, E.; Vu, T.T.; Tran, T.T.A.; Ha, Q.H.; Hofsvang, T. (2002) Polyphagous Liriomyza species (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in vegetables in Vietnam. Tropical Agriculture, 79(4), 241-246. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 91(12), December 2003, abst. 11868, p 1865.
Bastos, C.S.; Galvão, J.C.C. Picanço, M.C.; Cecon, P.R.; Pereira, P.R.G. (2003) Insect phytophagous and predators incidence on maize and bean cultivated in exclusive and intercropped systems. Ciência Rural, 33(3), 391-397. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 91(11), November 2003, abst. 10732, p 1960.
Ben Jamaa, M.L.; Villemant, C.; M’Nar, S. (2002) Phoracantha recurva Newman, 1840 : a new pest of eucalyptus in Tunisia [Coleoptera : Cerambycidae]. Revue Française d’Entomologie, 24(1), 19-21. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 90(11), November 2002, abst. 10932, p 1548.
Boggs, J.F.; Young, C.E.; Shetlar, D.J.; Bloetscher, B.; Stone, A.K.; Goerig, D.J.; Malinich, T.J.; Dyke, D.E.; Draper, E.A.; Bennett, P.J.; Gao, G.Y.; Chatfield, J.A.; (2004) Insect and mite activity noted in Ohio nurseries and landscapes: 2003. Special Circular – Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Ohio State University, no. 193, 33-53. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 92(81), August 2004, abst. 7568, p 1165.
Drugova, E.; Zlobin, V.V. (2003) Tomato leaf miner requires attention. Zashchita i Karantin Rastenii, no. 3, p 36. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 92(1), January 2004, abst. 189, p 30.
Fadaei, A.A.; Coomans, A.; Kheiri, A.; (2003) Three species of the Xiphinema americanum lineage (Nematoda: Longidoridae) from Iran. Nematology, 5(3), 453-461. Nematological Abstracts 73(1), March 2004, abst. 397, p 63.
Heinicke, W. An exotic Chrysodeixis species (Lep. Noctuidae, Plusiinae) introduced to Sachsen-Anhalt. Entomologische Nachrichten und Berichte, 46(3), 141-150. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 91(9), September 2003, abst. 9740, p 1528.
Lang, R. (2002) Recent records of Cacyreus marshalli Butler, 1898, from the Abruzzi mountains in central Italy (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift mit Insekten-Börse, 112(6), 162-163. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 92(1), January 2004, abst. 1009, p 161.
Li, X.L.; Li, W.; Guo, F.S.; Lai, B.S. (2003) The damage of thrips to the Navel orange fruit and its control. South China Fruits, 32(3), p 21. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 92(2), February 2004, abst. 1180, p 189.
Li, Y.Z;; Yi, Y.H.; Zheng, Z.L.; Xie, Z.F. (2004) The spatial distribution of chestnut gall wasp and sampling techniques in the chestnut plantation. Journal of South China Agricultural University, 25(1), 62-65. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 92(7), July 2004, abst. 6481, p 995.
Logani, R.; Dwivedi, B.K.; Dwivedi, B.P.; Shukla, D. (2002) Nematode and wilt problems of guava in and around Allahabad region. Current Nematology, 13(1/2), 23-26. Nematological Abstracts 73(2), June 2004, abst. 541, p 84.
Lourenção, A.L.; Braga; N.R.; Miranda, M.A.C.; Valle, G.E.; Pereira, J.C.N.A.; Reco, P.C. (2002) Evaluation of damage in soybean genotypes of three maturity groups caused by stinkbugs and defoliators. Neotropical Entomology, 31(4), 623-630. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 91(6), June 2003, abst. 5619, p 885.
Lux, S.A.; Copeland, R.S.; White, I.M.; Manrakhan, A.; Billah, M.K.(2003) A new invasive fruit fly species from the Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) group detected in East Africa. Insect Science and its Application, 23(4), 355-361. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 92(7), July 2004, abst. 7267, p 1117.
Mahla, M.K.; Ameta, O.P. (2001) Grain infestation in stored wheat in arid zone of Rajasthan. Insect Environment, 7(3), 127-128. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 90(10), October 2002, abst. 9753, p 1375.
Marín, S.; Parra, S.N. (2003) The attack of Glycaspis brimblecombei. Chile Forestal, no. 297, p 10. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 92(1), January 2004, abst. 291, p 47.
Miles, P.D.; Mielke, M.E.; Brand, G.J. (2003) Minnesota’s forest resources in 2001. Resource Bulletin – North Central Research Station, USDA Forest Service no. NC-217, 24 pp. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 92(2), February 2004, abst. 1315, p 211.
Reji, G.V.; Prathapan, K.D.; Hebsy, R.; (2003) Record of hymenopteran parasitoids of Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) from Kerala. Insect Environment, 9(1), 39-42. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 92(8), August 2004, abst. 7837, p 1207.
Sánchez-Soto, S.; Nakano,O. (2002) First record of Rhynchophorus palmarum L.; (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Neotropical Entomology, 31(4), 659-660. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 91(6), June 2003, abst. 5712, p 899.
Schmidt,T.L.; Mielke, M.E.; Marshall, P.T. (2003) Indiana’s forest resources in 2000. Resource Bulletin – North Central Research Station, USDA Forest Service no. NC-206, 25 pp. Review of Agricultural Entomology 91(7), July 2003, abst. 6886, p 1082.
Secchi, V.A.; (2001) Situation of soil pests in Rio Grande do Sul: a view of rural extension. Documentos – Embrapa Soja no. 172, 17-41. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 90(10), October 2002, abst. 10260, p 1451.
Sharma, S.B.; McKirdy, S.; Mackie, A.; Lamberti, F. (2003) First record of Xiphinema rivesi associated with grapevines in Western Australia. Nematologia Mediterranea, 31(1), p 87. In: Nematological Abstracts 72(4), December 2003, abst. 1510, p 231.
Thomazini, M.J.; Albuquerque, E.S.; Souza Filho, M.F. (2003) First record of Anastrepha species (Diptera: Tephritidae) from the state of Acre, Brazil. Neotropical Entomology, 32(4), 723-724. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 92(5), May 2004, abst. 5189, p 797.
Vázquez-López, A. ; Tlapal-Bolaño, B. ; Yañez-Morales, M. de J. ; Quintos-Escalante, M. (2002) An etiology of the rate of wilting of the chile de agua variety chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) in the central valleys of Oaxaca, Mexico. Proceedings of the 16th International Pepper Conference, Tampico, MX, 2002-11-10/12. In: Nematological Abstracts 73(2), June 2004, abst. 550, p 85.
Wang, D.X.; Lou, Z;; Li, P.; Gao, Z.H. (2002) The main diseases and pests of pomegranate in Huaiyuan area and their control. China Fruits, no. 1, 36-38. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 91(2), February 2003, abst. 1486, p 232.
Zhao, G.; Liu, P.T.; Lu, D.X. (2001) Bean yield loss caused by Liriomyza sativae and control threshold. Entomological Knowledge, 38(3), 200-201. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 90(9), September 2002, abst. 8146, p 1152.