Pepino mosaic potexvirus occurs in Chile
Pepino mosaic potexvirus (PepMV – EPPO Alert List) occurs in Chile. It was apparently first reported in 2001/2002 in region V in tomato crops for seed production, and then in regions I and IV. Further surveys were done in 2004/2005 in the central part of Chile. 60 symptomatic leaf samples were collected from regions V, VI, VII and region Metropolitana and tested by DAS-ELISA. 23 % of the tested samples were found infected by PepMV, mainly from regions VII, Metropolitana and V. Only one infected sample was observed from region VI. It can be recalled that several consignments of Chilean tomato seeds infected by PepMV have been intercepted in Europe recently (EPPO RS 2003/112, 2004/081).
The situation of Pepino mosaic potexvirus in Chile can be described as follows: Present, found in central Chile (region Metropolitana, V, VI, VII) and north (I).
Muñoz M, Bustos A, Cabrera M, López L (2002) Prospección del Pepino mosaic virus (PepMV) en cultivos de tomate. Abstract of a paper presented at the XII Congreso Nacional de Fitopatología, 2002-10-01/04, Puerto Varas – X Región – Chile.
Universidad de Talca, Chile.
Yantén Carreño Y (2005) Determinación de la presencia de Pepino mosaic potexvirus – PepMV en tomate en la zona central de Chile. Abstract.