EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 08 - 2005 Num. article: 2005/122

Teak rust (Olivea tectonae) is spreading in America


Recently, Ing. Esquivel Rios from Panama attracted the EPPO Secretariat’s attention to the spread of teak rust in South and Central America. Teak (Tectona grandis) produces valuable timber and is increasingly used for reforestation. For example, it is estimated that in Central America approximately 76000 ha are planted with this species. Teak rust, caused by Olivea tectonae, attacks leaves, giving a grey-flecked appearance on the upper surface and producing masses of orange uredosori on the underside. Nursery plants and young plantations are most susceptible and may suffer severe growth reduction (up to 30 % reduction) and premature defoliation. Disease is favoured by hot, relatively dry conditions and high plant density. O. tectonae is disseminated by airborne urediospores. Movements of infected plants for planting are also likely to contribute to disease spread. Until recently, O. tectonae was only known to occur in Asia (Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand). In Africa, O. tectonae is of phytosanitary concern.

In Panamá in November 2003, symptoms of teak rust were observed on a large number of plants in a plantation near Río Hato, in the province of Coclé. The pathogen was later identified as O. tectonae. This was the first record of teak rust in the Americas. Further surveys done in Costa Rica also confirmed the presence of teak rust in this country. In Ecuador, teak rust was first noticed at the end of September 2004, in nurseries and young experimental plantations in the province of Los Ríos. Finally, in Mexico in December 2004, the presence of O. tectonae was detected in nursery plants and teak trees of various ages in the municipality of Las Choapas, Veracruz. Surveys are being done to delimit the extent of the outbreak. Considering the fact that teaks are widely planted in South and Central America and that climatic conditions are apparently suitable, O. tectonae is considered as a serious threat to the wood industry.


Sources

Personal communication with Ing. Esquivel Rios, 2005-10.
Esquivel Rios EA (2003) La roya de la taca, causada por Olivea tectonae en Panamá. Primer reporte en América (Reporte preliminar). Ecos del Agro, no. 14, Diciembre 2003.
Arguedas M (2004) La roya de la teca Olivea tectonae (Rac.) : consideracions sobre su presencia en Panamá y Costa Rica. Kurú : Revista Forestal (Costa Rica), 1(1).
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CABI (1973) CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria no. 365. CABI Wallingford, UK.
CABI (1992) Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases no. 499. CABI Wallingford, UK.
E-Sanidad. Ficha tecnica. La Roya de la Teca. http://www.cnf.gob.mx
NAPPO Pest Alert – Official Pest Reports for Mexico. Detección de la Roya de la Teca (Olivea tectonae), (Rac.) Thirum. Chaconiaceae, en el municipio de Las Choapas, Veracruz, México - 04/11/2005 http://www.pestalert.org
Plagas Forestales Neotropicales no. 13. Marzo 2004.
       http://web.catie.ac.cr/informacion/RMIP/rev71/Boletin
Plagas Forestales Neotropicales no. 14. Agosto 2004.
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