New data on quarantine pests and pests of the EPPO Alert List
By browsing through the CABI Abstracts, the EPPO Secretariat has extracted the following new data concerning quarantine pests and pests included on the EPPO Alert List. The situation of the pest concerned is indicated in bold, using the terms of ISPM no. 8.
- New records
Ceratitis quinaria (Diptera: Tephritidae – EPPO A1 list) has recently been identified for the first time from Mali on mango crops (Vayssières et al., 2004).
Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae – EPPO A2 list) occurs in Saudi Arabia. Hassan and Mohammed (2004) mentioned its presence on cucumbers grown under protected conditions.
Liriomyza huidobrensis and L. sativae (Diptera: Agromyzidae – EPPO A2 list) are reported as important pests of vegetable crops in Indonesia (Prijono et al., 2004). The EPPO Secretariat had previously no data on the occurrence of L. sativae in Indonesia.
In Croatia, Mycosphaerella pini (EU Annexes) is reported to occur in Pinus nigra plantations, but causing little damage (Diminić, 2001). This is in accordance with earlier reports made in former Yugoslavia.
During studies on Capsicum annuum done in Venezuela, Tomato ringspot nepovirus and Tobacco ringspot nepovirus (both on the EPPO A2 list) were detected for the first time (Rodríguez et al., 2004).
- Detailed records
Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae – EPPO A2 list) occurs in Ceará state, Brazil (Braga Sobrinho et al., 2004)
Choristoneura rosaceana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae - EPPO A1 list) occurs in Minnesota, USA (Fadamiro, 2004)
In South Africa, Globodera rostochiensis (EPPO A2 list) was first reported in 1971 and was subsequently eradicated. In 1999, it was found again in Western Cape. Surveys showed that G. rostochiensis only occurred in the Sandveld and Ceres areas of the Western Cape. Phytosanitary measures are being applied to prevent any further spread. During these surveys, G. pallida was not found (Knoetze et al., 2004).
In Mexico, Rhynchophorus palmarum (Coleoptera: Curculionidae – Alert List) was found for the first time in Baja California Sur on Washingtonia robusta in November 2000 and January 2001 (García-Hernández et al., 2003).
In Italy, Scaphoideus titanus (Homoptera: Cicadellidae – vector of grapevine flavescence dorée phytoplasma) was thought to be confined to the Po valley, but in recent years it has been found in other regions of Italy, notably in the southern provinces of Basilicata, Apulia and Calabria. It has also been found in Campania (Viggiani, 2004).
Scirtothrips dorsalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae – EPPO A2 list) occurs in Sichuan, China. It is reported there as a serious pest of litchi (Li et al., 2004).
- New host plants
Natural infection of Apple mosaic ilarvirus (EPPO A2 list) was observed for the first time in a Fragaria vesca plant maintained in a germplasm collection in Oregon (US). An RT-PCR test was developed and will allow detection of this virus in field samples to determine its distribution and importance in strawberry production (Tzanetakis & Martin, 2005)
Natural infections of Tomato black ring nepovirus (EU Annexes) on Sambucus nigra were observed for the first time in 2002 in Poland (Pospieszny et al., 2004).
Braga Sobrinho R, Mesquita ALM, Peixoto MJA, Hoeflick WRE (2004) Development of fruit fly attractant systems for mango. Proceedings of the 7th International Mango Symposium, Recife, BR, 2002-09-22/27. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 92(10), October 2004, abst. 9574, p 1488.
Diminić D (2001) [The role of pathogenic fungi on health status in Austrian pine plantations in Croatia.] Šumarski fakultet, p 422. In: Review of Plant Pathology 83(10), October 2004, abst. 7925, p 1248.
Fadamiro, HY (2004) Pest phenology and evaluation of traps and pheromone lures for monitoring flight activity of obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Minnesota apple orchards. Journal of Economic Entomology, 97(2), 530-538.
García-Hernández JL, Beltrán-Morales F, Loya-Ramírez JG, Morales-Cota JR, Troyo-Diéguez E, Beltrán-Morales FA (2003) [First record of Rhynchophorus palmarum (Coleoptera: Dryophthoridae) in Baja California Sur.] Folia Entomológica Mexicana, 42(3), 415-417. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 92(11), November 2004, abst. 11410, p 1778.
Hassan AA, Mohammed AD (2004) Trapping efficiency of various colored traps for insects in cucumber crop under greenhouse conditions in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 7(7), 1213-1216. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 92(11), November 2004, abst. 10576, p 1651.
Knoetze R, Malan AP, Swart A, Pieterse W (2004) Present status of potato cyst nematode in South Africa. Abstract of a paper presented at the 16th Symposium of the Nematological Society of Southern Africa, 2003-06-01/04, Somerset Strand (ZA). African Plant Protection 10(2), p 129.
Li JM, Liu GW, Peng RB (2004) [Bionomics an control of the yellow tea thrips, Scirtothrips dorsalis infesting litchi.] Entomological Knowledge, 41(2), 172-173. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 92(10), October 2004, abst. 9562, p 1486.
Pospieszny H, Borodynko N, Jończyk (2004) First report of Tomato black ring virus (TBRV) in the natural infection of Sambucus nibra in Poland. Journal of Plant Protection Research 44(4), 373-376.
Prijono D, Robinson M, Rauf A, Bjorksten T, Hoffmann AA (2004) Toxicity of chemicals commonly used in Indonesian vegetable crops to Liriomyza huidobrensis populations and the Indonesian parasitoids Hemiptarsenus varicornis, Opius sp. and Gronotoma micromorpha, as well as the Australian parasitoids Hemiptarsenus varicornis and Diglyphus isaea. Journal of Economic Entomology 97(4), 1191-1197.
Rodríguez Y, Ranger E, Centeno F, Mendoza O, Parra A (2004) [Detection of viral diseases affecting sweet pepper in Counties Iribarren, Jiménez and Torres of Lara State, Venezuela, using ELISA technique.] Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad del Zulia, 21(2), 105-115. In: Review of Plant Pathology 83(12), December 2004, abst. 9536, p 1511.
Tzanetakis IE, Martin RR (2005) First report of strawberry as a natural host of Apple mosaic virus. Plant Disease 89(4), p 431.
Vayssières JF, Sanogo F, Noussourou M (2004) Inventaire des espèces de mouches de fruits (Diptera: Tephritidae) inféodées au manguier au Mali et essais de lutte raisonnée. Fruits, 59(1), 3-16. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 93(2), February 2005, abst. 1227, p 199.
Viggiani G. (2004) [The vector of flavescence dorée in Campania.] Informatore Agrario, 60(18), 47-50. In: Review of Agricultural Entomology 93(1), January 2005, abst. 166, p 28.