Surveys on Phytophthora species in Lithuania
Since 2004, surveys have been carried out by the NPPO of Lithuania on Phytophthora species, and in particular on Phytophthora ramorum (EPPO Alert List). 81 samples of various plants (Pieris, Quercus, Rhododendron, Syringa, Vaccinium, Viburnum) and soil were collected and tested in the laboratory. P. ramorum was not detected in any sample but P. cactorum was identified for the first time in Lithuania. P. cactorum was detected in a rhododendron plantation at Kaunas (Central Lithuania) and in the rhododendron collection of the Botanical Gardens of Šiauliai University (Northern Lithuania), in August and October 2004 respectively. In August 2005, P. cactorum was detected on container-grown rhododendrons which had been imported from Poland. There have been no further findings in Lithuania.
Jovaišienė Z, Lane C (2006) First report of Phytophthora cactorum in Lithuania. Botanica Lithuanica 12(3), 197-199.