Tomato infectious chlorosis and Tomato chlorosis viruses found in Campania and Calabria, Italy
Tomato infectious chlorosis virus (Crinivirus, TICV - EPPO Alert List) and Tomato chlorosis virus (Crinivirus, ToCV - EPPO A2 list) were reported for the first time in Italy in 1991 and 2001, respectively. During studies done on two farms at Torre del Greco (Campania) and Amantea (Calabria) symptoms of viral diseases were observed on tomato crops grown under glass. Leaf samples were collected and tested for criniviruses (DNA probes, RT-PCR) and also for the presence of whiteflies. In samples from Campania, ToCV and TICV were both detected (sometimes in mixed infections) whereas in samples from Calabria only TICV was detected. In Campania, virus infections were found associated with infestations of Trialeurodes vaporariorum and Bemisia tabaci biotype Q. In Calabria, only T. vaporariorum was identified.
The situation of Tomato infectious chlorosis virus in Italy can be described as follows: Present, found in Calabria, Puglia, Sardegna and Sicilia.
The situation of Tomato chlorosis virus in Italy can be described as follows: Present, found in Calabria, Campania, Puglia, Sardegna and Sicilia.
Parrella G, Scassillo L (2006) [First report of Tomato chlorosis virus (ToCV) in Campania and of Tomato infectious chlorosis virus (TICV) in Calabria (Southern Italy).]. Informatore Fitopatologico no. 6, 33-34 (in Italian).