Invasive and quarantine pests in forests in Slovakia
The distribution and importance of several invasive and quarantine pests in forests in Slovakia was presented in a paper from Zúbrik et al. (2006). The EPPO Secretariat has extracted the information concerning pests of regulatory concern, but the original paper also provides data on other invasive pests recently introduced into Slovakia (i.e. Coleotechnites piceaella, Parectopa robiniella, Phyllonorycter robiniellus).
Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae – EPPO A1 List): Absent.
Cameraria ohridella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae - formerly on the EPPO Alert List): First reported in 1994 near Bratislava. It is now widespread in Slovakia (but absent in elevations above 800 m where Aesculus hippocastanum is rare).
Cryphonectria parasitica (EPPO A2 List): First reported in 1976 in Topol’čani district. It has spread to 24 more localities mostly in the western and central parts of Slovakia (Malokarpatsko – dolnopovažský, Inovecko – tribecsky, Stiavniko – krupinska).
Ips duplicatus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae - EU Annexes): First reported in 1920. It occurs in the north-west, near the border with the Czech Republic and Poland. It sporadically occurs in isolated parts in central Slovakia. No serious damage has been reported to date.
Mycosphaerella pini (EU Annexes): First found in 1996 in Velký Krtíš district (close to the Hungarian border). The fungus has gradually spread in many forests across Slovakia. However, there is no evidence of the occurrence of the fungus on seedlings or transplants in forest nurseries.
Phytophthora ramorum (EPPO Alert List): Absent.
Zúbrik M, Kunca A, Turčani M, Vakula J, Leontovyc R (2006) Invasive and quarantine pests in Slovakia. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 36(2), 402-408.