Situation of Synchytrium endobioticum in Turkey in 2006
The NPPO of Turkey recently informed the EPPO Secretariat about the situation of potato wart disease caused by Synchytrium endobioticum (EPPO A2 List) in 2006. In Turkey, S.;endobioticum was detected for the first time in October 2003 on potato tubers (Solanum tuberosum) grown in a garden in Aybastı (province of Ordu, Black Sea region), a non-economically important potato area (see EPPO RS 2005/034). Later in 2003, the disease was also found in ware potato crops, in two provinces of Central Anatolia (Niğde and Nevşehir) where potatoes are commercially grown. The potato cultivars ‘Agria’, ‘Donella’, ‘Granola’, ‘Marfona’ and ‘Russet Burbank’ were affected at a very low level (less than 1% of the total plants).
In 2006, S. endobioticum was found on ware potatoes in the following localities of Central Anatolia and Black Sea regions: 169 fields in Nevşehir, 68 fields in Niğde, 1 field in Kayseri (for Central Anatolia), and 8 fields in Ordu and 5 fields in Trabzon (for Black Sea region). Phytosanitary measures are being applied against the disease, in accordance with EU Council Directive 69/464/EC.
The situation of Synchytrium endobioticum in Turkey can be described as follows: Present, first detected in 2003, found on ware potatoes in Black Sea (Ordu, Trabzon) and Central Anatolia (Nevşehir, Niğde, Kayseri) regions, under official control.
NPPO of Turkey, 2007-07.
EU (1969) Directive 69/464/EEC of 8 December 1969 on control of potato wart disease. Official Journal of the European Communities L 323, 1-2.